HIPOTIROID KONGENITAL. EA. Ega Andari. Updated 21 November Transcript. Bertujuan mengembalikan fungsi metabolisme; termoregulasi, respirasi. Waspada Hipotiroid Kongenital pada Bayi Baru Lahir – http://www. Kekurangan hormon tiroid pada masa anak- anak akan menghentikan pertumbuhan dan menghasilkan wajah infantil yang Kretinism (hipotiroid kongenital).

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Maternal ingestion of propylthiouracil causes a transi- tory hypothyroidism, but history should reveal maternal use of this drug. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?

A Affected infants are usually clinically apparent by the third day of life.

Hypothyroidism also can be associated with anemia and impaired renal function, but these are mild. This site uses cookies. Inborn metabolic errors of thyroid synthesis are much less frequent.


A 1-month-old female infant is referred to your clinic for a positive newborn screen for hypothy- roidism. Atlanto-axial instability is also frequent, but is not associated with arthritis. C Affected infants appear thin. Although cardiomegaly from myxedema of the heart can be seen, there are so many other, much more common causes of cardiomegaly in the newborn that an enlarged heart would not be suggestive of hypothyroidism. The infants may be edematous, have a large poste- rior fontanelle, have difficulty with feeding, and have a history of prolonged jaundice.


They also have an increased likelihood of leukemia, but not solid tumors.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Kongeniyal hormone is critical for hipltiroid brain develop- ment, deficiency of thyroid hormone during the first 2—3 years of life could result in irre- versible brain development. They are more likely to have endocrinopathies, including hypothyroidism.

Neonatal screen- ing programs assist the clinician in identifying these infants after birth, although errors in screening occur. If the mother is receiving antithyroid medication, this also crosses the placenta, and the infant may be euthyroid or even hypothyroid at birth. The thyroid gland is invariably enlarged, often irregularly so.

Kontenital gonads are a finding seen in Turner syndrome. Most patients are euthy- roid, some are hypothyroid, and a few are hyperthyroid. No other abnormalities are detected. You are commenting using your Facebook account.

Which of the following roentgenographic find- ings in a newborn infant is most suggestive of undiagosed hipoyiroid The devel- opment of ossification centers is also retarded in hypothyroidism.

Reference standards for bone maturation facil-itate estimation of bone age. Close neurodevelopmental follow-up is necessary. You are commenting using your Twitter account. Email required Address never made public.


The indirect hyperbilirubinemia longenital due to impaired hepatic glucuronidation of bilirubin and to enhanced enterohepatic circulation of bilirubin secondary to decreased intestinal motility. The other causes of congenital hypothyroidism are pxda seen. D Most infants with congenital hypothyroidism are asymptomatic at birth. Roentgenographic demon- stration of absence of the distal femoral epiphyses in a term infant would be suggestive of hypothy- roidism.


A large posterior fontanelle is the only other finding. Which of the following is true of congenital hypothy- roidism? A scintis- can to look for ectopic paad tissue is helpful. This finding is occasionally used as a quick indirect screen for hypothyroidism. Examination reveals an alert infant with a large tongue, cool skin, a large umbil- ical hernia, edematous extremities, and hypotonia.

Congenital heart disease most commonly endocardial cushion kkongenital occurs in almost half of these children. In constitutional growth delay, endocrinologic short stature, and undernutrition, the bone age is low and is com- parable to the height age.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress. E Affected infants usually have a goiter present at birth. The mechanism of the mixed hyperbilirubinemia is uncertain. April 7, Author: Therapy initiated prior to 2—4 ana, of life can ensure near-normal intelli- gence. In familial short stature, the bone age is normal compared to chronological age.