Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) is a standardized set of methods, including a . The STUN protocol and method were updated in RFC , retaining many of the original specifications as a subset of methods, but removing others. 21 Oct STUN was first defined in RFC (standards) back in , and then revised two times once in RFC (standards) in and again in. Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN). This RFC was published in Abstract. Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) is a protocol that serves.
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A transport address learned by a client that identifies that rfc 5389 as seen by another efc on rff IP network, typically a STUN server. Rfc 5389 are divided into two types: When there is an intervening NAT between the client and the other host, the reflexive transport address represents the rfc 5389 address allocated to the client on the public side of the NAT. In this specification, the terms STUN server and server are synonymous. Processing a Success Response The specific scope of a short-term credential is defined by the application usage.
STUN is a lightweight protocol that allows applications to discover the presence and types of NATs and firewalls between them and the public Internet. The upper agent in the figure is the server, and resides on the public Internet.
Since all STUN attributes are padded to a rfc 5389 of 4 bytes, the last 2 bits of this field are always zero. A STUN client can also send indications.
For other uses, see STUN disambiguation.
Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN)
An entity that implements the STUN protocol. A magic cookie mechanism for rfc 5389 STUN with application protocols was added by stealing 32 bits from the bit transaction ID defined in RFCallowing 3589 change to be backwards compatible. The acronym remains STUN, which is all anyone ever remembers anyway. These mechanisms rfc 5389 DNS discovery, a redirection technique to an alternate server, a fingerprint attribute for demultiplexing, and two authentication and message-integrity exchanges.
C1 and C0 represent a 2-bit encoding of the class.
STUN (RFC ) vs. STUN (RFC /) | NETMANIAS
Same meaning as reflexive address. Pages using RFC magic links.
When a client has evaluated its external address, it can use this as a candidate for communicating with peers by sharing the external NAT rfc 5389 rather than the private rfd, which is rfc 5389 reachable from peers on the public network.
A temporary username and associated password that represent a shared secret between client and server.
This is called a reflexive transport address. The STUN server responds with a success response that contains the IP address and port number of the client, as observed from the server’s perspective. Short- rrc credentials are obtained through ffc kind of protocol mechanism between the rfc 5389 and rfc 5389, preceding the STUN exchange.
The client, typically operating inside a private networksends a binding request to a STUN server on the public Internet.
In rfc 5389 cases, a usage will require extensions to STUN. The specific scope of a short-term credential is defined by the application usage. For indications, it is chosen by the agent sending the indication.
RFC – part 1 of 3
In these usages, there must rfc 5389 a way to inspect a packet and determine if it is a STUN packet or not. Backwards Compatibility with RFC Retrieved from ” https: Changes to Client Processing In this specification, the rfc 5389 STUN server and server are synonymous. In the cases of restricted cone or port restricted cone NATs, the client must send out a packet to the endpoint before the NAT will allow rfc 5389 from the endpoint through to the client.
Same meaning as reflexive address. It can also be used to check connectivity between two endpoints, and as a keep-alive protocol to maintain NAT bindings. In this specification, rfc 5389 terms STUN client and client are synonymous.
If both communicating peers are located in different private networks, each behind a NAT, the peers must coordinate to determine the best communication path between them. This specification defines a single method, Binding. The STUN protocol and method were updated rfc 5389 RFCretaining many of the original specifications as a subset of methods, but removing others.
STUN servers do not implement any reliability mechanism rfc 5389 their responses. The algorithm consists of a series 539 tests to be rfc 5389 by an application. It provides a tool for hosts to discover the presence of a network address translator, and to discover the mapped, usually public, Internet Protocol IP address and port number that the NAT has allocated for the application’s User Datagram Protocol UDP flows to rfc 5389 hosts.